If you’re an aspiring medical school student, you’re probably already familiar with the term Multiple Mini Interview. Multiple Mini Interviews (MMI) are a modern interview format increasingly adopted by medical schools worldwide to assess potential medical students’ suitability for the profession.

Unlike traditional interviews that rely on a linear question-and-answer format with a panel, the MMI consists of a series of stations where candidates encounter various scenarios, tasks, and ethical dilemmas.

Each station is designed to evaluate specific attributes essential for a successful career in medicine, such as communication skills, ethical judgment, empathy, problem-solving abilities, and the capacity to work under pressure. This format allows evaluators to get a comprehensive view of an applicant’s competencies and personality traits, making the MMI a crucial step in the medical school selection process.

Understanding the MMI Format

The MMI typically involves 6-10 stations, each lasting about 7-10 minutes, with a short break in between. At each station, candidates face different scenarios ranging from ethical dilemmas, role-playing situations, to traditional interview questions or tasks requiring teamwork or problem-solving skills.

Universities That Use the MMI

Universities That Use the MMI

In Australia, universities such as Monash University, The University of Sydney, The University of Western Australia, Deakin University, The University of Melbourne, and Griffith University utilize the MMI format.

In Canada, notable institutions like McMaster University, The University of British Columbia, The University of Calgary, McGill University, and The University of Toronto have incorporated MMIs into their admissions process.

The United Kingdom sees universities like The University of Manchester, Keele University, University of Birmingham, Cardiff University, and Queen’s University Belfast adopting this interview style.

In the United States, the MMI is employed by prestigious schools including Stanford University School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, and Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine. This is not an exhaustive list, and many other medical schools worldwide are also making use of the MMI to ensure a comprehensive assessment of prospective students.

Preparing for the MMI

Preparing for the MMI Below are some tips on how to best prepare for the MMI:

  • Familiarize Yourself with the Format: Understanding the structure and types of stations you might encounter is crucial. Many universities provide guidelines or example questions on their websites.
  • Reflect on Ethical Principles in Medicine: Read up on medical ethics, including principles like autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. Consider how these principles apply in various medical scenarios.
  • Practice Communication Skills: The MMI assesses your ability to communicate effectively, both verbally and non-verbally. Practice speaking clearly, listening actively, and maintaining appropriate body language.
  • Engage in Role-Playing: Many stations involve interacting with actors in patient or colleague simulations. Practice role-playing with friends or family to improve your ability to respond empathetically and professionally in different situations.
  • Stay Informed About Current Issues in Healthcare: Be aware of current challenges and developments in healthcare, both locally and globally. This knowledge will help you engage in meaningful discussions during relevant stations.
  • Develop a Structured Approach to Responding: For ethical or problem-solving stations, practice a systematic approach to your responses. Outline the situation, identify the key issues, consider various perspectives, and explain your reasoning.
  • Participate in Mock MMIs: Simulate the MMI experience with mock interviews. Many educational institutions and online platforms offer MMI prep courses that can provide valuable practice and feedback.

Embracing the MMI Experience

Embracing the MMI Experience

Approach each station as an opportunity to showcase different facets of your personality, values, and potential as a future medical professional. The MMI is not just about finding the “right” answer but demonstrating thoughtful consideration, ethical judgment, and effective communication.


Success in the MMI can significantly enhance your chances of medical school admission. It requires thorough preparation, self-reflection, and a willingness to engage with complex scenarios in a compassionate and professional manner. By understanding the MMI format, honing your communication and ethical reasoning skills, and engaging in comprehensive practice, you’ll be well-prepared to tackle this challenging yet rewarding stage of your medical school application journey.

Remember, the MMI is an opportunity to demonstrate that you possess the qualities essential for a career in medicine beyond academic excellence. Good luck!


Michael Anderson

As a seasoned educator with an MA in History from Yale University, Michael Anderson has been a part of our team since 2021. His experience spans 22 years in secondary and higher education, emphasising interactive learning techniques. Michael’s articles often explore the intersection of technology and education. He is a passionate advocate for lifelong learning and frequently volunteers as a guest lecturer. Outside academia, he is an avid gardener and history buff.

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